Former soldiers and armed civilians enjoy complete impunity
Attendees in Plateau Central Conference with AUMOHD
AUMOHD DWA MOUN
Delmas 49, Route de Delmas,
Port au Prince, Haiti (WI)Phone: (509) 4297129 and (509) 7548022
#2 Context of the report
#3 Geo-historical view of Central Plateau
#4 Meetings August. 11, 2007
4.1 Meetings in Belladère
4.1.1 Workshops on the victims of Baptiste, Renthe Mathe and Roi Sec
Summary of Statements
4.1.2 Workshops on the victims of the towns of Belladère, Pernal
Summary of workshop #2
4.1.3 Workshops on the disappeared
Partial List of Disappeared
4.2 Meeting at Lascahobas
#5 most blatant cases:
5.1 The case of the family of Cléonor Souverain
5.2 The case of Peligre
5.3 The case of the Justice of the Peace in Lascahobas, Lozamard Christophe
5.4 The lookout of Roi Sec (4 employees of MICT were assassinated)
# 6 The principal presumed perpetrators, co-defendants and accomplices of these
acts according to the victims Guy Philippe, Jouis Jodel Chamblain etc
#6.1 Connection between accused and funding source – Judy Roy
#7 Conclusion and recommendations of AUMOHD.
In 2001 following the second popular election of Jean-Bertrand Aristide as President,
two groups participated in an armed revolt against the government in place
at that time: that of the Resistance Front of Gonaïves, led by Metayer
(Butteur), Métayer Jean-Pierre Baptiste (called Jean Tatoune) and Winter
(Winter) Etienne, who launched the insurrection leading to the seizure of
Gonaïves, February 5, 2004; the second called National Liberation Front
which was directed by Guy Philippe and Louis-Jodel Chamblain, former head
of FRAPH, acquitted by the interim government of Boniface/Latortue by the
decision of the Court of Appeals on May 5, 2005. This group consisted principally
of former members of the Haitian Army, FADH, which slipped into Haiti from
neighboring Dominican Republic. In 2002 many cases of violations were reported
in the commune of Belladère, Las Cohobas and mainly in the zone named
Pernald. Thus some women and children were victims.
However since the arrival to power of the current government democratically elected by popular vote, a new hope has been reborn in the hearts of these citizens, victims of abuse and violations of human
rights, who unceasingly are requesting AUMOHD’s support so that the authors
and accomplices of these acts of violation can be brought to justice to answer
for their acts of assassination, rape, burnings, and other crimes perpetrated
in plain view of everyone against the people of the towns listed above.
This report which is meant to be first of all objective must expose in a detailed fashion the concerns of AUMOHD (Association
of University Grads For a Haiti With Law) with respect to the unacceptable
situation of impunity which holds sway following the grave violation of human
rights in the entire Department of the Center, notably the Central Plateau
(Mirebalais-Lascahobas-Belladère) where people were assassinated, raped and
or disappeared because of their political convictions.
Others were robbed of their goods, or chased from their post with no
justice proceedings at all.
This report intends to analyze the different cases of human rights violations,
which took place in the Plateau Central during the period of 2003-2005. This analysis uses the method of direct
interviews with the victims, a relative, or a neighbor, or an eyewitness of
a certain event, and also by category of victims. It intends to draw out in part or in whole the attention of
the Haitian State by way of the current government to these flagrant violations
of human rights that to this day remain unpunished. At the same time this report is intended to sensitize national
and international organizations about these cases of the violation of fundamental
rights of the people of Mirebalais, Lascahobas and Belladère with a view to
demanding from the Haitian State some adequate solutions that will be able
to remedy this situation.
This report finally intends to present recommendations to the Haitian authorities
concerning the urgent measures they ought to take so that the perpetrators,
co-defendants, leaders and accomplices answer for their acts and that the
victims indemnified and compensated in conformity to the law.
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May 8, 2007, AUMOHD received in its offices a letter from Mr. Cléonor Souverain
in which he made us aware of the people who had been victimized by the former
military, and armed civilians, notably five (5) members of his family and
another, Bertrand Hussein seriously wounded and consequently handicapped.
In this correspondence he also asked for AUMOHDÕs intervention as an
organization of rights and the dignity of the human person to meet the victims
and families of victims to listen to their testimony in order to understand
the breadth of impunity which ruled in this Department (Center), and consequently
to bring these cases of flagrant violation of rights and the dignity of the
human person before the courts so that the perpetrators, co-defendants and
accomplices of this crimes against common rights might be brought to justice
to be judged according to the law.
is a section of the Department of the Center of the country that includes
3 communes (Mirebalais, Saut dÕEau and Boucan Carre). It has about 60,000 inhabitants spread over a territory of
354 square kilometers. Historically
Mirebalais and Lascahobas in 1795 were witness to the bloodiest battles of
Toussaint Louverture against the English who used these areas as strategic
points of food supplies. Mirebalais has a District Court and a Police Station that are
working under difficult circumstances according to the testimony of an employee
who wishes to remain anonymous.
Lascahobas is situated between Mirebalais and Belladère. It is like Mirebalais a section that is comprised of three
communes (Lascahobas, Belladère and Savanette). Lascahobas has a population of about 36,000 inhabitants and
covers 233 square kilometers. The commune of Lascahobas has one Peace Court with two judges and two court clerks
for the population of this size, and a police station with ten poor, badly
is one of the border towns of the country. It has a population of 48,000 inhabitants with land of 322
square kilometers. Belladère has a Peace Court with two judges and a police station with not even minimal
means for a border town that has no other military force for controlling or
defending the territory.
Following different meetings for exchanging views and testimonies with the families
of victims, a delegation from AUMOHD accompanied by a Canadian delegation
of journalists and human rights advocates made a visit on site at Mirebalais,
Lascahobas and Belladère on Saturday, August 11 with the principal purpose
of collecting new information about the crimes and of confirming the news
already collected. More than
100 victims coming from different zones participated in this meeting.
At the nightclub, L’Oiseau Mystérieux (Mysterious Bird), more than 100
from Baptiste, Renthe Mathe, Roi Sec, Pernal and Riaribes and other localities
of Belladère were present to give testimony, to explain vividly and
painfully how a father, a mother, an uncle, an aunt, a cousin, a husband,
a wife, a friend or a neighbor had been assassinated, raped or disappeared
by unknown men heavily armed, the majority of whom, according to their testimony,
were soldiers demobilized having as their leader at first Remissanthe Ravix,
Clautaire Jean Baptiste, Volatire Jean Baptiste alias Potille, and then later
Guy Philippe and Louis Jodel Chamblain.
Three workshops (i-with victims of Baptiste-Renthe Mathe and Roi Sec,
ii- victims of the town of Belladère, Pernal and Riaribes, and iii. victims
of disappearances who, after reporting to the delegation, formed to seek justice
and reparation without recourse to violence or private vengeance.) The objectivity and the truth are two fundamental elements
indispensable for arriving at shedding just and clear light on these evil
events that took place in the Central Plateau.
Sessions with victims from Baptiste, Renthe Mathe and Roi Sec
My name is
Joël Paulas. I come from
the 2nd Section of Roi Sec. I
am very happy to see today, for the first time, a human rights organization
is with us at Belladere after all these sad events.
We at Belladere are the most scorned people, the most vulnerable
in the Haitian State. What
seems graver to us is that after all these massacres, rapes, assassinations
there is contempt on the part of the State for us.
Moreover there is no freedom of speech for us at this time, no security,
no disarmament. The assailants,
Guy Philippe are still present in the town; they are there, without being
concerned about the courts or the police.
Out of every 5 people you look at in the streets, two out of 3 are
carrying a weapon. As for access
to justice in Belladere there is almost none. The demand from my workshop is addressed directly to President
Ren≥ Garcia Pr≥val, the Prime Minister Jacques Edouard Alexis in whom we
have a lot of confidence in making reparation for these crimes so that all
the perpetrators and accomplices of these massacres will answer in court
for their acts.
My name is
St. Hilaire Vernet. I come
from Renthe Mathe. I am a leader
of Fanmi Lavalas in Belladere. I
thank the AUMOHD delegation that has come to help us at this very difficult
time. Mr. President of AUMOHD, gentlemen journalists
and the Canadian delegation of human rights, I do not want to beat around
the bush in telling you that the assassins of these crimes are all here.
They are in the Parliament as elected representatives or, security guards
for representatives. They are in the city hall of Belladere. They were candidates for the Presidency.
Except for Ravix (Remissanthe) and Clotaire (Jean-Baptiste) who are
dead. We are asking President Ren≥ Garvia Pr≥val,
Prime Minister Jacques Edouard Alexis, Minister of Justice, and Mr. Ren≥
Magloire to take measures to correct this situation of impunity that prevails
here in Plateau Central.
I am Philiassaint
Robert. I thank you in the
name of the whole workshop and most of all in the name of those who were
assassinated, the women who were raped, those who were disappeared. In our group we worked on the question
of access to justice. We
have concluded that justice was reduced to a minimum in 2002 until 2005
with the defacto government of Boniface/Latortue.
The assassination of the Justice of the Peace at Lascahobas, Lozamard
Christophe in the middle of doing his job is proof that the men with Guy
Philippe had no limit to their fury against the people. Justice was and is to this day in extreme
difficulty to act. Our workshop
entreated the Minister of Justice, Atty. Ren≥ Magloire to make a profound
change within the judiciary of Mirebelais.
Sessions of the victims of the center of town, of Pernal and of Riaribes
I am Pierre Luca, workshop #2. The remarks
of #2 workshop are that the rest of the country seems not to be aware of
what has taken place here in Central Plateau, namely, the extortion, the
crimes, rape, and assassinations by the former military men and armed civilians
of innocent persons. The workshop
is very concerned about lodging a complaint against all those who participated
in these crimes like Guy Philippe, Louis Jodel Chamblain and all the accomplices
like the leaders of the former opposition party that financed and encouraged
these crimes. In general in the Plateau there are many children without fathers, without mothers, lots
of women without a husband, and what is worse is that there is no presence
of the State to take care of these vulnerable children exposed to delinquency,
stealing and prostitution. We ask that the Haitian State take responsibility
for punishing these criminals like Guy Philippe, Chamblain and their accomplices
for their crimes.
I am Pierre Cavil, the eyewitness of the assassination of Deputy Mayor of
Savanette, Amongue Lema. I
am ready and willing to explain to the police and the judge how they assassinated
the Mayor provided the conditions of security are guaranteed. What we want is justice and reparation for the victims.I
greet the members of the AUMOHD delegation.
My name is
Leonard Yonel. I come from
Pernal, the place of the holocausts. It is horrible, this well known place of the terrorism of former
soldiers. Pedel Colo, Amongue
Lema, Pierre Marais, a businessman, Samedi Patrick, a SWAT policeman, Bernadeau
Marjorie Jean Fritzner, and many other persons were caught, captured and
killed in this place. We want
an independent investigation of all these cases of the violation of human
Sessions of the families of victims who were disappeared.
This workshop discussed the disappeared or dead and executed leaving no trace. Look at the woman in the photo above at
right; imagine the pain the anxiety and the waiting of this poor woman, Mrs.
Jean Mesillia. Her husband, Bouton
Exile was disappeared on March 14, 2003.
He was taken from his home at Roi Los Puerc. Bouton Exile was 70 years old.
Fede was taken from her home, March 14, 2003 by the armed civilians at Roi
Los Puerc. She was 60 years old. From
the time of this abduction there has been no news from her. According to
Boure Anela, her sister-in-law, the former soldiers assassinated her because
of her political affiliation since she was very involved in the Lavalas
movement. All attempts to find her in the prisons
and morgues have been in vain. Guitoya
Fede was the mother of five (5) children, (Gary Jean, Télémaque
Jean, Joseph Jean, Elimene Jean and Islame Jean.
was taken from his home on March 14, 2003 in the presence of his wife (Elimene
took Bouton Exile from his home on March 14, 2003 in the presence of his
wife, Jean Mesilia. Bouton
was 70 years old.
was taken from his home on March 14, 2003 by former solders aged about 70
years in the presence of his wife, Jean Zelira, his daughter, Exilas Marelia
and her son Emile Dinois.
aged 59, was taken from his home in the month of January 2004. He was riddled with bullets according
to witnesses and his body was abandoned in the woods.
age 58, was taken to the Prosecutors office of Belladere on April 30, 2002.
Marcellin was taken away then shot by the former soldiers in April 2003. Reference: Saint Pierre Marcellin, his father.
was disappeared, no one knows if he is dead or not.
Reference: Saint Hiliare Vernet, his cousin and Dieuseul Bernier
his son. Viergemene
Joseph, age 47, disappeared since June 2003.
Reference: Saint Hilaire Vernet, his father and Jilissaint Robert.
Brunette Jean was taken at Croix-Des-Bouquets when she was on her way to the Central
Plateau. Reference: Cameau Telson, her husband.
At Lascahobas we met a dozen relatives of victims in a secret place because according to them the
issue of security is to this day very precarious in Lascahobas.
Here is the presentation of the participants’ testimony:
I am Denaud,
brother of Denaud Wilfrid, father of 11 children now left to my sole responsibility.
Wilfrid was assassinated by several bullets in Lagoude near Pernal. His body was abandoned for several days
because the situation was such that for us, the relatives, it was not easy
to recover the bodies. We know
very well who the assassins of Wilfrid are.
They are currently present in Lascahobas, Belladere. Many of them are in Port-Au-Prince.
We are ready to collaborate with the courts and the police to talk
about this assassination.
I am Jerbo Luc. I am an eyewitness of
the assassination of Pedel Colo, June 21, 2003, a schoolboy from Rheto
who was coming from Port-Au-Prince to see his parents. He was assassinated
because he could not identify homes of Lavalas members for the former
soldiers. Voltaire Jean Baptiste and Fernand executed
him. Ravix Remissaiint was
present during the assassination but he did not shoot Colo.
I am the wife of Sincere Joseph who was assassinated on the night of December 10
and 11, 2002 by a group of more than 15 heavily armed men. We (myself, my daughter and my husband) were fully asleep when someone knocked on the door with great noise and called out, Sincere! Sincere! I asked who was it please. The person saying he was Cabue answered. It’s me Cabue! (Please note that Cabue
Johnson is a very well known person in the community. See #4. In an
instant the conversation became an order, demanding that I open the door
immediately or else the house and its contents would be blown up by gunfire.
So I myself opened the door and Sincere went to them.
It was a way of saving my own life and that of my daughter. In an instant I heard a gunshot, boom!
And then nothing more! My daughter and I left the house silently
through the woods to take refuge with relatives in another place. The next day Sincere was found assassinated
with a bullet in the head. Since
then there has been no progress, no procedure to get the assassins of
this crime to answer for this heinous act. It would be a joy for me if really AUMOHD could come and help
us bring to justice these assassins like Guy Philippe and their companions.
I am Cabue
Johnson. I was arrested by
the group of Clotaire Jean Baptiste on December 10 and 11, 2002 after
they had assassinated the so-called Jean Aris Signe alias Janjan. I spent a good while in prison, accused
of being the leader because I am a Lavalas director in the zone. I have to tell the truth. I was not tortured as was the case for
many people who were arrested in similar circumstances.
I am Mrs. Louidor Dorsainvil born Fils-Aimé Degrace. On the night of December 10-11, it was the saddest night for
my family. A group of armed men came into my house. One
of them knocked on the door and called out, Dorsainvil! Dorsainvil! I asked, who are you? The person answered, it’s me, Cabue (a militant companion of Dorsainvil).
I asked him what he wanted at that hour. The person who said he was Cabue answered me; We have come
to get you for an urgent meeting.
I refused to open the door for quite a while. Then he ordered me to open the door. I opened the door and Dorsainvil went
out. After a few minutes
I head a gun blast (Boooom!) and the next morning his body was found in
a canal not far from the house.
Dorsainvil was killed because he was Lavalas.
He left 7 children under my responsibility, without employment,
without any help.
I am the brother of Pierre Maret who was assassinated by the soldiers of Guy Philippe,
of Clotaire Jean Baptiste and companions.
On June 21, 2003, he was arrested after having been identified
as a Lavalas member. He was assassinated the same day. Pierre Maret was the father of six children
who are currently abandoned without any help.
5.1 The affair of the family of Cléonor Souverain
On the night of June 23-24, 2003 a group of men, heavily armed coming from the
Dominican Republic according to the victims composed of Ravix Remissanthe,
Clotaire Jean Baptiste (both assassinated in suspicious circumstances by the
interim government at that time), Bell Panel, Edouard Cazimir and Voltaire
Jean Baptiste (both now free and at ease in Belladere). This group brutally assassinated the following people:
Rosita Souverain, a young girl age 24
Nathalie Souverain, a young school girl age 17
Mimose Brizard a merchant of weights, age 38 years on her way from Port-Au-Prince
to the Dominican Republic at the family of Souverain
Dubuisson Brizard, a merchant of weights age 35 like Mimose Brizard was also in transit
at the Souverain family.
Ramil Albert Louis, a young schoolboy, 15 years old.
Bertrand Hussain was also shot in the back by a bullet, more precisely in the vertebral
column and consequently is handicapped for life (See photo #4)
affair of Peligre
On May 7, 2003, a group of men composed of 12 people according to witnesses
attacked the hydroelectric dam. They killed two security guards and set fire to the control room. This crime against state property constituted then a crime against the state.
The case of the Justice of the Peace at Lascahobas
On November 28 the Justice of the Peace of Lascahobas was assassinated
after having been ambushed by a group of armed men while he was carrying out
his functions as a judge, that is to say, he was on the way to make a report. A judge assassinated in the exercise of his functions and until now, the Haitian State has done absolutely nothing to compensate the family
of this judge adequately
Assassination of 4 employees of the Ministry of the Interior
On July 25, 2003
in the Section of Rio Sec, near Penal four employees (Jean Marie Depeigne,
Adrien Celestin, Wilfrid Thomas and Chr≥tien Augustin of the Ministry of the
Interior and of the Territorial Collective were assassinated as they were
returning from installing a Communal Council at Belladere. The bodies of the four assassinated were
badly treated, then burned by the assailants
The accused authors and co-authors and accomplices of these criminal acts of violation
of human rights, of crimes against humanity and human dignity are all known
and recognizable by their victims and the people. The people met as relatives of the victims
stated that the authors, co-authors, directors and supporters of these atrocities
are first of all the army of the former opposition to the Aristide government.
They are many, some more active than others. It was very difficult for AUMOHD to note down all the names of the
accused authors cited by the victims.
Let us mention only those the most frequently mentioned by the victims
and/or by the relatives of victims among the former military: Guy Philippe,
Louis Jodel Chamblain, Ravix Remissinthe, Clotaire jean Baptiste, Joseph
Jean Baptiste, Cazimir Edouard, Celestin Moise, Victor Gaston, Jean Edner,
Fe rnand Edou ard, Walso Vincent, Bardin Amonvil and many others Picture: Jodel
Connection between accused and funding source – Judie C. Roy: AUMOHD
has received detailed and well documented information from witnesses that
conducted an interview with former 2006 presidential candidatem Judie C. Roy,
who acknowledged traveling to the Central Plateau and other locations during
the 2001-2003 time period to provide direct financial assistance to perpetrators
of the above violence. Winter Etienne has corroborated the involvement of
Roy. There is also solid evidence concluding that a handful of anti-government
businessmen and political parties some connected with current Haitian senators,
at the time provided a significant amount of financial and infrastructure
support to the gunmen.
Haiti has been experiencing for many years a chronic impunity. This impunity has engendered as a consequence
among the victims of a distrust of the judicial system and a revengeful spirit
to have recourse to private justice. With this report, AUMOHD wishes above
all to attract the attention of the national and international community of
human rights, social organizations, which fight for the respect of rights
and the dignity of the human person around a group of crimes that have been
perpetrated on the population of Plateau Central from 2002 to 2005. People have been assassinated, disappeared;
others have been obliged to abandon their families, burned homes. Women, children
have been left to themselves. These crimes and damages have never been called into question
from that time on so that the authors, co-authors and accomplices of these
acts would answer legally for their acts and so that the victims would be
compensated according to the law.
AUMOHD reminds the Haitian State in all its
three branches of power (Executive, Legislative, and Judicial) of its high,
constitutional obligations with regard to the people in the whole territory
in terms of protection and human rights
of the government, the police and public safety, to take measures for adequate
security for the entire national territory notably in the Central Plateau
that will be able to prevent these atrocities in the future.
the political parties, groups and subgroups of political parties, including
political leaders to work for the effective creation of space for diverse
ideas that are implied in ideological pluralism, in sum, for tolerance with
a view to guaranteeing rights that are inalienable and unassailable for
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in peace and brotherhood.
the Préval/Alexis government to take urgent measures to assure that
the witnesses be protected, the relatives and close friends of victims and
also attempts be made at preventing all sorts of possible attacks.
finally the government prosecutors of Port-Au-Prince and/or of Mirabelais
to hurry quickly to take public action against these authors, co-authors
and accomplices of these crimes and violations of human rights without taking
account of their social rank, there political associations or their economic
Long live Haiti, Long live justice and no to impunity!